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Caldwell County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Caldwell County, Missouri Facts

Caldwell County

When was Caldwell County, MO Created?
Caldwell County was created on December 29, 1836 from Ray County. The county was named either in honor of John Caldwell, an Indian scout and friend of respected Colonel Alexander William DoniphanJohn Caldwell, Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky; or Mathew Caldwell, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence .

What is the County Seat of Caldwell County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Kingston and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Caldwell County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Daviess County, Livingston County, Carroll County, Ray County, Clinton County, DeKalb County.

What cities and towns are in Caldwell County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Braymer, Breckenridge, Cowgill, Hamilton, Kidder, Kingston, Polo.

What Townships are in Caldwell County, MO?
Townships located in the County include Breckenridge, Davis, Fairview, Gomer, Grant, Hamilton, Kidder, Kingston, Lincoln, Mirabile, New York, Rockford.

Caldwell County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Caldwell County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Caldwell County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Caldwell County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Caldwell County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Caldwell County, MO Census Records

What Caldwell County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Caldwell County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Caldwell Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Caldwell Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Caldwell Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Caldwell Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Caldwell County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Caldwell County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Caldwell County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Caldwell County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Caldwell County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 49 East Main, Kingston, MO 64650
  • Caldwell County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 816.586.3080
    • Marriage Records: 1860 (including Marriage records, 1860-1922; Applications for Marriage License, 1895-1919 ) 
    • Land Records: 1835 (including Index to deeds, 1860-1887; Deed records, 1860-1903; Index to mortgages, 1876-1885; Mortgage deeds, 1860-1910; PIat book, 1835-1857; Government survey records, 1818-1823)
  • Caldwell County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: 816.586.2771
    • Probate Records: 1856  (including Index to probate records, 1857-1 896; Probate records, 1856-1887; Probate minutes, 1878-1882; Index to administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1856-1880; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1856-1888; Index to inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1860-1886; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1860-1886; Proof of publication, notices and affidavits, 1866-1889; Settlement records, 1870-?; Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1885-1892; Index to will records, 1860-1905; Will records, 1860-1929)
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1859 (including Index to circuit court records, 1859-1889; Circuit court records, 1860-1886)
  • Caldwell County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: 816.586.2571
    • Birth & Death Records: ? (including )
  • Caldwell County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Caldwell County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Caldwell County, MO?
A list of Caldwell County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Caldwell County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Caldwell County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Caldwell County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Caldwell Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Caldwell Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Caldwell Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Caldwell Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Caldwell Co. MO General and History Websites

Caldwell Co. MO Military Records

Caldwell Co. MO Schools & Directories

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