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Audrain County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Audrain County, Missouri Facts

Audrain County

When was Audrain County, MO Created?
Audrain County was created on December 17, 1836 from Callaway County, Monroe County, Ralls County and  part of the Platte Purchase. The county was named in honor of U.S. Senator David Rice Atchison (1807-1886), a Democrat from Missouri .

What is the County Seat of Audrain County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Mexico and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Audrain County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Monroe County (north), Ralls County (northeast), Pike County (east), Montgomery County (southeast), Callaway County (south), Boone County (southwest), Randolph County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Audrain County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Farber, Laddonia, Mexico, Vandalia, Benton City, Martinsburg, Rush Hill, Vandiver.

What Townships are in Audrain County, MO?
Townships located in the County include Cuivre Township, Linn Township, Loutre Township, Prairie Township, Saling Township, Salt River Township, South Fork Township, Wilson Township.

Audrain County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Audrain County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Audrain County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Audrain County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Audrain County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Audrain County, MO Census Records

What Audrain County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Audrain County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Audrain Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Audrain Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Audrain Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Audrain Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Audrain County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Audrain County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Audrain County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Audrain County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Audrain County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 101 N. Jefferson St., Mexico, Missouri 65265
  • Audrain County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 573-473-5830
    • Marriage Records: 1837 (including Index to marriage records, 1837-1975; Marriage records, 1837-1917; Negro/colored marriage records, 1865-1890)
    • Land Records: 1837 (including Index to deeds, 1837-1900; Deed records, 1837-1891; Military discharge records, 1865)
  • Audrain County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: 573-473-5840
    • Probate Records: 1837 (including court records, 1839-1897; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1875-1897; Inventories, appraisements and sales bills, 1865-1919; Settlement records, 1863-1888; Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1871-1920; index to will records, 1880-1975; Will records, 1838-1925)
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1837 ( has Circuit court records, 1837-1888)
  • Audrain County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone:   573-473-5820
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883-86 (has Permanent record of births, 1883-1885; Register of births and still births, 1883-1885; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1885; Register of deaths, 1883-1886; County court records, 1837-1863; County treasurer’s records, 1837-1849; Federal census, 1850; Bond and commission record, 1837-1871; Record of marks and brands, 1843-1971; Wolf scalp receipts, 1843-1854; Estray records, 1837-1851; Assessment records, 1838-1864 and 1876; Tax Books, 1869 )
  • Audrain County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Audrain County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Audrain County, MO?
A list of Audrain County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Audrain County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Audrain County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Audrain County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Audrain Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Audrain Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Audrain Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Audrain Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Audrain Co. MO General and History Websites

Audrain Co. MO Military Records

Audrain Co. MO Schools & Directories

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