Adair County, Missouri
Genealogy and Facts

Adair County

Adair County was created on January 29, 1841 from Macon County. The county was named in honor of John Adair (1757-1840), pioneer, soldier, and seventh Governor of Kentucky.

The Adair County Seat is situated in Kirksville and in addition the county government website is unknown

Areas surrounding Adair County include Putnam County (northwest), Schuyler County (north), Scotland County (northeast), Knox County (east), Macon County (south), Linn County (southwest), Sullivan County (west).

Cities and towns to be found in Adair County include Brashear, Greentop, Kirksville, Novinger.

Townships located inside of Adair County include Benton Township, Clay Township, Liberty Township, Morrow Township, Nineveh Township, Pettis Township, Polk Township, Salt River Township, Walnut Township, Wilson Township.

Adair County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process

You can search online for Adair County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Adair County has Federal Census Schedules to help in researching your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Adair Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Adair Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Adair Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Adair Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Adair County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Adair County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Adair County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers frequently forget about the value of Adair County court, probate, and land files as a source of family history and genealogy information. Buried away in Missouri courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the ambitions and worries of many Missouri residents.

The odds are great that your potential ancestors have left a comprehensive record of at least a number of aspects of their lives in the Adair County court records. Even if your forefathers is not brought up in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other procedures which often can have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The following facts denotes exactly what marriage, birth, death, property, probate, and legal records can be found in Adair County. The years suggested below are the first known records data with this county. Fire destroyed this Courthouse in February 1866. No records loss

You need to call the clerk's dept to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other facts before visiting or looking for information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will guide men and women in locating the resources, but it's up to the particular person to complete the research.
  • Adair County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 106 W Washington, Kirksville, MO 63501
  • Adair County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: (660) 665-3890
    • Marriage Records: 1841 (including Index to Marriage records,1841-1886; Marriage records,1841-1916; Military discharge records,1866-1890)
    • Land Records: 1841 (including Index to deeds,1841-1887; Deed Records,1841-1883; Warranty Deeds,1871-1886; QuitClaim deeds,1871-1888; Sherriff's Deeds,1879-1888)
  • Adair County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (660) 665-2552
    • Probate Records: 1841 (including Index to Probate records,1841-1908; Probate Records,1841-1897; Administrators/Executors letters, bonds and records, 1857-1868; Settlement Records,1857-1908 ;Guardians/Curators records,1885-1887; Will Records, 1857-1918 )
    • Court Records: 1841 (including Circuit court records, 1841-1904; Circuit court records,1841-1886)
    • Divorce Records: 1841
  • Adair County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (660) 665-3350
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883-93 (including ) 
  • Adair County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Adair County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980

Adair County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Adair County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to present your own most liked Adair County genealogy or family history related sites.

Adair Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Adair Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Adair Co. MO Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Adair Co. MO Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Adair Co. MO Census Records

Adair Co. MO Cemeteries & Graveyards

Adair Co. MO Church & Bible Records

Adair Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Adair Co. MO General and History Websites

Adair Co. MO Military Records

Adair Co. MO Schools & Directories

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