History & Facts of Mississippi Counties

Mississippi County records differ widely from county to county in either quality as well as quantity. Some have already been carefully maintained while others have been much mistreated and uncared for. A certain amount of Mississippi records have purely vanished. For genealogists doing research in Mississippi there is no valuable replace to have an on-site search of county court house records.

Mississippi Counties  •  Mississippi Extinct Counties  •  Mississippi Burned Courthouses

Mississippi is divided into 82 counties. Each county serves as the local level of government within its borders. There are 10 Counties with 2 County Seats.

Mississippi Counties

A large collection of county records from Mississippi can be found at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History on microfilm. However, it is not a complete collection. The FHL can also provide copies of those records on microfilm. However, the various courthouses in each county should still be consulted, since some records may not have been moved to the archives yet. Many of those records, including probate records and marriage licenses, can contain genealogical data.

Researchers should note that marriage records for both African Americans and white people can be found at the chancery clerk's office at the county courthouse in each county, along with probate records and deeds.

Deeds, probate records, and marriages may be found at the chancery clerk at the county courthouse. Microfilmed marriage books for both whites and blacks are indicated, in that order, under "Marriages." Court records may be found in the appropriate clerk's office at the courthouse. 

County Date Formed Parent County County Seat
Adams 1799 One of two original counties Natchez
Alcorn 1870 Tippiah and Tishomingo Counties Corinth
Amite 1809 Wilkinson County Liberty
Attala 1833 Madison County Kosciusko
Benton 1870 Marshall and Tippah Counties Ashland
Bolivar 1836 Tallahatchie and Washington Counties Cleveland and Rosedale
Calhoun 1852 Chickasaw, Lafayette and Yalobusha Counties Pittsboro
Carroll 1833 Lowndes, Monroe, Washington and Yazoo Counties Carrollton
Chickasaw 1836 Monroe County and Un-Organized Houston
Choctaw 1833 Lowndes, Madison, Monroe and Yazoo Counties Ackerman
Claiborne 1802 Jefferson (Pickering) County Port Gibson
Clarke 1833 Wayne County Quitman
Clay 1871 Chickasaw, Lowndes, Monroe and Oktibbeha Counties (formerly (Colfax County) West Point
Coahoma 1836 Un-Organized Clarksdale
Copiah 1823 Franklin and Hinds Counties Hazlehurst
Covington 1819 Lawrence and Wayne Counties Collins
Desoto 1836 Monroe and Washington Counties Hernando
Forrest 1906 Perry County Hattiesburg
Franklin 1809 Adams County Meadville
George 1910 Greene and Jackson Counties Lucedale
Greene 1811 Wayne County Leakesville
Grenada 1870 Carroll, Choctaw, Tallahatchie and Yalobusha Counties Grenada
Hancock 1812 Un-Organized Bay Saint Louis
Harrison 1841 Hancock County Gulfport and Biloxi
Hinds 1821 Un-Organized (Choctaw Cession of 1820) Jackson and Raymond
Holmes 1833 Yazoo County Lexington
Humphreys 1918 Holmes, Sunflower, Washington and Yazoo Counties Belzoni
Issaquena 1844 Washington County Mayersville
Itawamba 1836 Monroe County Fulton
Jackson 1812 Un-Organized Pascagoula
Jasper 1833 Jones and Wayne Counties Bay Springs
Jefferson 1799 One of two original Counties (formerly Pickering) Fayette
Jeffrson Davis 1906 Covington and Lawrence Counties Prentiss
Jones 1826 Covington and Wayne Counties (formerly Davis (1865-1869 (Civil War)) Laurel
Kemper 1833 Lowndes, Rankin and Wayne Counties De Kalb
Lafayette 1836 Monroe County Oxford
Lamar 1904 Marion and Pearl River Counties Purvis
Lauderdale 1833 Rankin and Wayne Counties Meridian
Lawrence 1814 Marion County Monticello
Leake 1833 Madison and Rankin Counties Carthage
Lee 1866 Itawamba and Pontotoc Counties Tupelo
Leflore 1871 Carroll and Sunflower Counties Greenwood
Lincoln 1870 Amite, Copiah, Franklin, Lawrence and Pike Counties Brookhaven
Lowndes 1830 Monroe County and Un-Organized Columbus
Madison 1828 Yazoo County Canton
Marion 1811 Amite, Franklin and Wayne Counties Columbia
Marshall 1836 Monroe County Holly Springs
Monroe 1821 Un-Organized (Chickasaw Cession of 1816) Aberdeen
Montgomery 1871 Carroll and Choctaw Counties Winona
Neshoba 1833 Jones, Madison, Rankin and Wayne Counties Philadelphia
Newton 1836 Neshoba County Decatur
Noxubee 1833 Lowndes and Rankin Counties Macon
Oktibbeha 1833 Lowndes County Starkville
Panola 1836 Monroe and Washington Counties Batesville
Pearl River 1890 Hancock and Marion Counties Poplarville
Perry 1820 Greene County New Augusta
Pike 1815 Marion County Magnolia
Pontotoc 1836 Monroe County Pontotoc
Prentiss 1870 Itawamba and Tishomingo Counties Booneville
Quitman 1877 Coahoma, Panola, Tallahatchie and Tunica Counties Marks
Rankin 1828 Hinds County Brandon
Scott 1833 Covington, Jones and Rankin Counties Forest
Sharkey 1876 Issaquena, Warren and Washington Counties Rolling Fork
Simpson 1824 Copiah County Mendenhall
Smith 1833 Covington, Jones and Rankin Counties Raleigh
Stone 1916 Harrison County Wiggins
Sunflower 1844 Bolivar County Indianola
Tallahatchie 1833 Washington and Yazoo Counties Charleston
Tate 1873 DeSoto and Marshall Counties Senatobia
Tippah 1836 Monroe County Ripley
Tishomingo 1836 Monroe County Iuka
Tunica 1836 Washington County and Un-Organized Tunica
Union 1870 Lee, Pontotoc and Tippah Counties New Albany
Walthall 1912 Marion and Pike Counties Tylertown
Warren 1809 Claiborne County Vicksburg
Washington 1827 Warren and Yazoo Counties Greenville
Wayne 1809 Washington County (AL) Waynesboro
Webster 1874 Chickasaw, Choctaw and Montegomery Counties (formerly Sumner County) Walthall
Wilkinson 1802 Adams County Woodville
Winston 1833 Lowndes, Rankin, and Wayne Counties Louisville
Yalobusha 1833 Monroe, Washington and Yazoo Counties Water Valley
Yazoo 1823 Hinds County Yazoo City

Mississippi Extinct Counties

Mississippi contains counties that no longer exist. They were organized by the state, provincial, or territorial governing administration. Most of these counties were established and disbanded in the Nineteenth century; county borders have changed little since 1900 in the vast majority of states. These counties needs to be considered when you are performing family history and genealogy research. Pay close attention where the courthouse records went to if the county was abolished or consolidated with another county.

Mississippi Counties with Burned Courthouses

The harm to Mississippi courthouses tremendously has a effect on family historians in almost every way. Not only are these historic structures torn from each of our lifetimes, so are the archives they kept: marriage, wills, probate, land records, as well as others. Once destroyed they are lost forever. Despite the fact that they happen to have been placed on mircofilm, computers and film burn too. The most tragic side of this is the reason why almost all of our courthouses are destroyed as a result of arsonist. Though, don't assume all records were destroyed. Many Mississippi counties have dealt with a loss of records due to courthouse fires, floods, and theft.

  • Alcorn County Courthouse - Corinth - Record Loss in 1917
  • Attala County Courthouse - Kosciusko - 1858, 1860 and 1896
  • Bolivar County Courthouse - Rosedale and Cleveland - Fire in 1863, Flood in 1865
  • Calhoun County Courthouse - Pittsboro - Fire in 1922
  • Chickasaw County Courthouse - Houston - Fire in 1863
  • Choctaw County Courthouse - Ackerman - Fire 1874, 1888
  • Covington County Courthouse - Collins - Record loss in 1904
  • Desoto County Courthouse - Hernando - Record loss in 1940
  • Franklin County Courthouse - Meadville - Fire in 1877
  • Greene County Courthouse - Leakesville - Fire in 1875
  • Holmes County Courthouse - A courthouse fire in 1884 destroyed many of the records, but the deeds were housed in a separate building and Will Book I was rescued.
  • Jackson County Courthouse - Pascagoula - Fire in 1875
  • Jefferson County Courthouse - Fayette - Record loss in 1904, Fire in 1990
  • Jones County Courthouse - Laurel and Ellisville - Unknown Date
  • Kemper County Courthouse - DeKalb - Fire in 1882
  • Lee County Courthouse - Tupelo - Fire in 1873 & 1904
  • Lincoln County Courthouse - Brookhaven - Unknown 1893
  • Montgomery County Courthouse - Winona - Record loss, 1903.
  • Newton County Courthouse - Decatur - Record loss, 1877 and 1910.
  • Oktibbeha County Courthouse - Starkville - Record loss, 1880.
  • Panola County Courthouse - Sardis - Record loss, 1886
  • Perry County Courthouse - New Augusta - Record loss, 1877
  • Pike County Courthouse - Magnolia - Record loss, 1882
  • Prentiss County Courthouse - Booneville - Record loss, 1912.
  • Simpson County Courthouse - Mendenhall - Record loss, 1840, 1872
  • Smith County Courthouse - Raleigh - Record loss, 1892, 1915
  • Sunflower County Courthouse - Indianola - Record loss, 1870.
  • Tallahatchie County Courthouse - Charleston/Sumner - Record loss at Sumner, 1908
  • Tippah County Courthouse - Ripley - Record loss, 1863
  • Union County Courthouse - New Albany - Record loss, 1882
  • Wayne County Courthouse - Waynesboro - Record loss, 1892
Copyright © 2014 GenealogyInc.com,