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Polk County, Minnesota
Genealogy, History & Facts

Polk County, Minnesota Facts

Polk County

When was Polk County, MN Created?
Polk County was created on July 20, 1858 (Organized in 1879) from Pembina County. The county was named in honor of James K. Polk (1795-1849), member of Congress from Tennessee, 1825-39; governor of Tennessee, 1839-41; president of the United States, 1845-49. On his last day in office, Polk approved the act of Congress which organized the Minnesota Territory.

What is the County Seat of Polk County, MN?
The County Seat is located in Crookston and the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Polk County, MN?
Bordering Counties are Marshall County (north), Pennington County (northeast), Red Lake County (northeast), Clearwater County (east), Mahnomen County (southeast), Norman County (south), Traill County, North Dakota (southwest), Grand Forks County, North Dakota (west).

What cities and towns are in Polk County, MN?
Cities and towns located in the County include Beltrami, Climax, Crookston, East Grand Forks, Erskine, Fertile, Fisher, Fosston, Gully, Lengby, McIntosh, Mentor, Nielsville, Trail, Winger.

Polk County, MN Vital Records

Where can find Polk County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Polk County vital records can be found at the Minnesota Office of Vital Records which has copies of birth resords from 1900 and death records from 1908. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Minnesota for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Polk County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Minnesota Birth Certificate and Death Certificates Applications to mail.

Polk County, MN Census Records

What Polk County, MN census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Polk County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Polk Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890.

Polk Co. territorial and state censuses exist for the years 1849-1905.. There is free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Minnesota Census Records Research Guide

Polk County, MN Courthouse and Government Records

Polk County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Polk County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Polk County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Minnesota Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Polk County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 816 Marin Ave, Crookston , MN 56716
    • Phone: (218) 281-2332
  • Polk County Recorder is responsible for all the real estate records for properties located in the County. Permanent records of deeds, mortgages and other various real estate records are recorded/filed in this office. As Local Registrar, the office protects and issues certified copies of Birth and Death records, Marriage Certificates & Military Discharge Records.
    • Birth / Death Records: 1873 (It is no longer necessary to go to the registrar's office of the county where the birth or death took place. You may go to a registrar's office in any county in Minnesota for births that took place during of after 1900 and for deaths that took place during or after 1997)
    • Marriage Records: 1873
    • Land Records: 1873
  • Polk County Court Administrator maintains court files for Civil, Criminal, Traffic, Probate, Conciliation, Juvenile, Tax and Family Court matters.
    • Probate Records: 1877 
    • Court Records: 1879 
  • Minnesota, Will Records, 1849-1985
  • Minnesota Land Records
  • BLM Land Records

Polk County, MN Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Polk County, MN?
A list of Polk County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Minnesota Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Polk County, MN Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Polk County, MN?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Polk County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a fee. This is simply a list which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Polk Co. MN Books, Newspapers & Publications

Polk Co. MN Cemeteries & Church Records

Polk Co. MN Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Polk Co. MN General and History Websites

Polk Co. MN Immigration & Naturalization

Polk Co. MN Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Polk Co. MN Military Records

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