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Polk County, Minnesota

Polk County

Polk County was founded on July 20, 1858 (Organized in 1879) from Pembina County. The county was named in honor of James K. Polk (1795-1849), member of Congress from Tennessee, 1825-39; governor of Tennessee, 1839-41; president of the United States, 1845-49. On his last day in office, Polk approved the act of Congress which organized the Minnesota Territory.

The Polk County Seat is situated in Crookston and the county government website is

Locales adjacent to Polk County are Marshall County (north), Pennington County (northeast), Red Lake County (northeast), Clearwater County (east), Mahnomen County (southeast), Norman County (south), Traill County, North Dakota (southwest), Grand Forks County, North Dakota (west).

Cities and towns to be found in Polk County are made up of Beltrami, Climax, Crookston, East Grand Forks, Erskine, Fertile, Fisher, Fosston, Gully, Lengby, McIntosh, Mentor, Nielsville, Trail, Winger.

Townships Include Andover, Angus, Badger, Belgium, Brandsvold, Brandt, Brislet, Bygland, Chester, Columbia, Crookston, Eden, Esther, Euclid, Fairfax, Fanny, Farley, Fisher, Garden, Garfield, Gentilly, Godfrey, Grand Forks, Grove Park-Tilden, Gully, Hammond, Helgeland, Higdem, Hill River, Hubbard, Huntsville, Johnson, Kertsonville, Keystone, King, Knute, Lessor, Liberty, Lowell, Nesbit, Northland, Onstad, Parnell, Queen, Reis, Rhinehart, Roome, Rosebud, Russia, Sandsville, Scandia, Sletten, Sullivan, Tabor, Tynsid, Vineland, Winger, Woodside Townships.

Polk County vital records can be found at the Minnesota Office of Vital Records which has copies of birth and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Minnesota for current fees and application process. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.

You can search online for Polk County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Minnesota Birth Certificate and Death Certificates Applications to mail.

Polk County does have Federal Census Schedules to help in finding out about your family tree. Federal government Population Schedules are present for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Polk Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. Polk Co. territorial and state censuses exist for the following years: 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895 and 1905. There is free down-loadable and also printable census forms to aid with your research.

Polk County Society and Family History Resources

A list of Polk County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Polk County Courthouse and Government Records

Polk County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently overlook the benefits of Polk County court, probate, and land documents as a source of genealogy and family history information. Buried away in Minnesota courthouses and archives just about everywhere tend to be the aspirations and worries of many Minnesota men and women.

The chances are great that your particular ancestors and forefathers have left a in-depth record of at least some aspects of their lives in the Polk County court records. Even if your ancestors and forefathers is not brought up in a Court case, consider all of the other procedures which may have lead to him or her showing up in court records.

The below details shows whatever marriage, birth, death, property, probate, and court records will be in Polk County. The dates indicated listed below are the first widely known records data in this county. At some time Polk County was attached to Crow Wing County, Douglas County and Clay County for county and or judicial purposes. Some early records may be found there.

You need to get in touch with the clerk's office to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other facts in advance of visiting or seeking information because of occasionally changing contact info. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Many staff will help persons in locating the resources, however it's up to the man or women to perform the researching.
  • Polk County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 816 Marin Ave, Crookston , MN 56716
    • Phone: (218) 281-2332
  • Polk County Recorder is responsible for all the real estate records for properties located in the County. Permanent records of deeds, mortgages and other various real estate records are recorded/filed in this office. As Local Registrar, the office protects and issues certified copies of Birth and Death records, Marriage Certificates & Military Discharge Records.
    • Birth / Death Records: 1873 (It is no longer necessary to go to the registrar's office of the county where the birth or death took place. You may go to a registrar's office in any county in Minnesota for births that took place during of after 1900 and for deaths that took place during or after 1997)
    • Marriage Records: 1873
    • Land Records: 1873
  • Polk County Court Administrator maintains court files for Civil, Criminal, Traffic, Probate, Conciliation, Juvenile, Tax and Family Court matters.
    • Probate Records: 1877 
    • Court Records: 1879 
  • Polk County Treasurers Office is responsible for keeping a complete accounting of all monies collected and expended by all the county departments. This includes the investing of available funds and accurately distributing the interest received. The department is also responsible for the collection of taxes and distribution to the various taxing entities within the County.

Polk County Links

The following are links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources pertaining to Polk County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a fee. This is simply a list which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to furnish your own preferred Polk County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Polk Co. MN Books, Newspapers & Publications

Polk Co. MN Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Polk Co. MN Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Polk Co. MN Census Records

Polk Co. MN Cemeteries & Graveyards

Polk Co. MN Church & Bible Records

Polk Co. MN Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Polk Co. MN General and History Websites

Polk Co. MN Immigration & Naturalization

Polk Co. MN Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Polk Co. MN Military Records

Polk Co. MN Schools & Directories

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