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Monroe County, Michigan
Genealogy, History & Facts

Monroe County, Michigan Facts

Monroe County

When was Monroe County, MI Created?
Monroe County was created on July 14, 1817 from Wayne County. This county was named for James Monroe, the fifth U.S. President .

What is the County Seat of Monroe County, MI?
The County Seat is located in Monroe also, the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Monroe County, MI?
Bordering Counties are Wayne County (northeast), Washtenaw County (northwest) Essex County Ontario Canada (east), Lenawee County (west) Lucas County OH (south).

What cities and towns are in Monroe County, MI?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Flat Rock, Luna Pier, Milan, Monroe, Petersburg, Carleton, Dundee, Estral Beach, Maybee, South Rockwood.

What Townships are in Monroe County, MI?
Townships located in the County include  Ash, Bedford, Dundee, Erie, Exeter, Ida, La Salle, London, Milan, Raisinville, Summerfield, Whiteford.

Monroe County, MI Vital Records

Where can find Monroe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Monroe County vital records can be found at the Michigan Office of Vital Records has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records since 1867. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Michigan for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Michigan Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Monroe County, MI Census Records

What Monroe County, MI census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Monroe County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Michigan Census Records Research Guide

Monroe County, MI Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Monroe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Monroe County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Michigan Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Monroe County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 106 East First Street, Monroe, MI 48161
  • Monroe County Clerk is responsible for keeping records of births, deaths, assumed names, co-partnerships, issuing and filing marriage licenses, gun permits, notary bonds and processing passports. The date listed for each category of record is the earliest record known to exist in that county. It does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and certainly does not indicate that all such events that year were actually registered. Monroe County Clerk Information for Genealogists
    • Phone: 734-240-7020
    • Births & Deaths: 1874
    • Marriage Records: 1818
  • Monroe County Register of Deeds is the official recording officer for all legal documents pertaining to the transfers and encumbrances of all real estate property within the County. The Register also provides permanent storage for approved original subdivision plats, condominiums, land surveys and section corners.
    • Phone: (734) 240-7390
    • Land Records: 1806
  • Monroe County Clerk of the Probate Court responsibilities include adjudicating and disposes of cases involving property of persons who have died or become incompetent, interprets wills and trusts, commits the mentally ill when necessary and appoints guardians and conservators for minors, incapacitated individuals and individuals with developmental disability.
    • Phone: 734-240-7346
    • Probate Records: 1817 
  • Monroe County Clerk of the Circuit Court provides a variety of functions for the court such as, but not limited to: filing and maintaing the official record for all cases that come before the court; providing staff to assist in the operation of the court; working with the Jury Commission and notifying all potential jurors to appear for jury duty; and, processing felony criminal cases bound over from the District Court.
    • Phone: (734) 240-7020
    • Court Records: 1805 
  • Michigan Land Records
  • Michigan Probate Records 1797-1973  
  • BLM Land Records

Monroe County, MI Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Monroe County, MI?
A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Michigan Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Monroe County, MI Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Monroe County, MI?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Monroe County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a fee. This is just a list that has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Monroe Co. MI Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. MI Cemeteries & Church Records

Monroe Co. MI Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. MI General and History Websites

Monroe Co. MI Immigration & Naturalization

Monroe Co. MI Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. MI Military Records

Monroe Co. MI Schools & Directories

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