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Census Records for Kentucky

Population Schedules

• Indexed—1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930

• Soundex—1880, 1900, 1910 (Miracode), 1920 has digitized images of the entire U.S. Federal Census Schedules 1790-1930 and created searchable indexes for the images. This collection can be accessed at U.S. Federal Census Collection. Along with the entire U.S. Federal Census collection, has a collection of indexes for Kentucky (Kentucky Census, 1810-90) which were created by Accelerated Indexing Systems in 1999. This collection contains the following indexes: 1810 Federal Census and Index; 1820 Federal Census Index; 1830 Federal Census Index; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1850 Slave Schedules; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1870 Federal Census Index; 1890 Veterans Schedules; Early Census Index.

Industry and Agriculture Schedules

• 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880

Mortality Schedules

• 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880

Slave Schedules

• 1850, 1860

Union Veterans Schedules

• 1890 (part)

Few census records still remain for Kentucky. All of the census records from before 1890 have been destroyed, and only partial records have survived from the 1890 census. The partial records are the Union veterans and widows schedule for sixty-five counties. The Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives has microfilmed copied of these records. There are also abstracts and indexes available from several sources. Tax records can be used to research information from these earlier years.

Another alternative source of information is the state school census records. Starting in 1888, Kentucky conducted some censuses of students in the public schools on an infrequent basis. These records may be found in each county at either the Board of Health, the Board of Education, or with the county clerk. Only records that are maintained by the county clerk can be requested. The Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives and the Kentucky Historical Society also maintain some of this information.

Only returns for sixty-five Kentucky counties remain of the 1890 Union veterans and widows schedule of the federal census of Kentucky. Extracts and indexes for many of Kentucky’s censuses have been compiled and published. Original or microfilm copies of the federal census returns are available at the Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Several Kentucky indexes to censuses predate those published by AISI.

State School Census

Kentucky infrequently enumerated public school students beginning in 1888. Scattered records are at the office of the respective county Board of Health or Board of Education. These are restricted if held by the school board but are not if held by the county clerk. Some are maintained by the Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives and the Kentucky Historical Society.

External Links

  • Kentucky Census Records - free up-to-date guide to accessing Kentucky census records. Identifies federal and state censuses, as well as substitute records (FamilySearch Research Wiki).


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