St Clair County, Illinois

StClair County

St Clair County was founded on April 27, 1790 from the Northwest Territory (St. Clair County was the first county established in Illinois, at the time a part of the Northwest Territory). This county was named for Arthur St. Clair (1737-1818), major general in the American Revolutionary War and first Governor of the Northwest Territory.

The St Clair County Seat is located in Belleville (three judicial districts was initially established in Cahokia, Kaskaskia and Prairie du Rocher. With the formation of Randolph County in 1795, Cahokia became the sole seat of government for St. Clair County from 1790–1814) also, the county government website is www.co.st-clair.il.us .

Areas bordering to St Clair County are  Madison County (north), Clinton County (northeast), Washington County (east), Randolph County (south), Monroe County (southwest), St. Louis, Missouri (west), St. Louis County, Missouri (west)

Cities, Towns & Villages located in St Clair County include  Alorton, Belleville, Brooklyn, Cahokia, Caseyville, Centreville, Collinsville, Dupo, East Carondelet, East St. Louis, Fairmont City, Fairview Heights, Fayetteville, Freeburg, Lebanon, Lenzburg, Marissa, Mascoutah, Millstadt, New Athens, O'Fallon, Sauget, Scott AFB, Shiloh, Smithton, St. Libory, Summerfield, Swansea, Washington Park.

Townships located in St Clair County include  Belleville, Lebanon, Lenzburg, Fayetteville, Engelmann, East St. Louis, Freeburg, Canteen, Caseyville, Centreville, Prairie du Long, O’Fallon, Marissa, Mascoutah, Millstadt, New Athens, Stites, St. Clair, Shiloh Valley, Smithton, Sugarloaf, Stookey.

St Clair County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for St Clair County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

St Clair County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

St Clair Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. St Clair Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. St Clair Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

St Clair County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of St Clair County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

St Clair County Courthouse and Government Records


St Clair County Courthouse

frequently fail to notice the significance of St Clair County court, probate, and land records data as a resource of family history and genealogy details. Buried away in Illinois courthouses and archives everywhere are the dreams and worries of the many Illinois people.

The chances are very good that your forefathers have left a detailed record of at least quite a few facets of their lives in the St Clair County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into account all of the other procedures which may have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The below information and facts denotes whatever death, marriage, birth, land, wills, and legal records will be in St Clair County. The dates stated listed below tend to be the first noted documents for this particular county.

Remember to contact the clerk's office to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics in advance of visiting or asking for information because of in some cases changing contact info. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records and documents are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Most staff will help people in finding the materials, but it's up to the person to perform the researching.
  • St Clair County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 10 Public Square, Belleville, IL 62220
  • St Clair County Clerk maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County.
    • Address: 618-277-6600, ext. 2380
    • Marriage Records: 1763
    • Birth & Death Records: 1830
  • St Clair County Recorder of Deeds serves the people of County by receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 618-277-6600, ext. 2478
    • Land Records:1786
  • St Clair County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 618-277-6600, ext. 2323
    • Probate Records: 1772
    • Court Records: 1778
  • St Clair County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.

St Clair County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to St Clair County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to provide your own preferred St Clair County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

St Clair Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

St Clair Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

St Clair Co. IL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

St Clair Co. IL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

St Clair Co. IL Census Records

St Clair Co. IL Cemeteries & Graveyards

St Clair Co. IL Church & Bible Records

St Clair Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

St Clair Co. IL General and History Websites

St Clair Co. IL Military Records

St Clair Co. IL Schools & Directories

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