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Madison County, Florida

Madison County

Madison County was created on December 26, 1827 from Jefferson County. This county was named for James Madison (1751–1836), fourth President of the United States.

The Madison County Seat is located in Madison also, the county government website is

Areas bordering to Madison County are Brooks County, Georgia (north), Lowndes County, Georgia (northeast), Hamilton County (east), Suwannee County (southeast), Lafayette County (southeast), Taylor County (southwest), Jefferson County (west).

Incorporated Cities and Towns located in Madison County include Greenville, Lee, Madison.

Madison County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Madison County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Madison County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1830 (as Florida Territory), 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Madison Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Madison Co. Historical Events (published in 1944):

  • This region did not have permanent white settlers until the 1820s, though Spanish explorers visited it and missions were established during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  • There was considerable conflict here during the Seminole wars and much suffering during the reconstruction period.
  • In 1880 at Madison, the county seat, the largest sea island cotton gin in Florida was established and it became the greatest sea island cotton market in the world, but declined when the boll weevil reached Florida.
  • About 1685 what later came to be known as "Old Spanish Road" was built through this area.
  • January 3, 1861, John C. McGehee of Madison County was made president of the Secession Convention.

Madison County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Madison County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Madison County Courthouse and Government Records

Madison County Courthouse

Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Madison County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.

The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Madison County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Madison county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered. Courthouse burned in 1876 and was replaced by one built in 1880 of brick. This building burned as well, in 1912, and was replaced in 1913 by the present courthouse.

Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
  • Madison County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: P.O. Box 237, Madison, FL 32341-0237 or 125 SW Range Avenue, Madison, FL 32340
  • Madison County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (850) 973-1500 or (850) 973-8000
    • Marriage Records: 1831
    • Land Records: 1831
    • Probate Records: 1846 
    • Court Records: 1838
  • Madison County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Madison County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Madison County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Madison County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Madison County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Madison Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Madison Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Madison Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Madison Co. FL Census Records

Madison Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Madison Co. FL Church & Bible Records

Madison Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Madison Co. FL General and History Websites

Madison Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Madison Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Madison Co. FL Military Records

Madison Co. FL Schools & Directories

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