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Alachua County, Florida
Genealogy, History & Facts

Alachua County, Florida Facts

Alachua County

When was Alachua County, FL Created?
Alachua County was created on December 29, 1824 from Duval County and Saint Johns County. This county name is derived from the native name of a chasm located northwest of Gainesville.

What is the County Seat of Alachua County, FL?
The County Seat is located in Gainesville also, the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Alachuas County, FL?
Bordering Counties are  Bradford County (north), Union County (north), Putnam County (east), Marion County (southeast), Levy County (southwest), Gilchrist County (west), Columbia County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Alachua County, FL?
Cities and towns located in the County include Alachua, Archer, Gainesville, Hawthorne, High Springs, Newberry, Waldo, LaCrosse, Micanopy.

Alachua County, FL Vital Records

Where can find Alachua County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Alachua County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Alachua County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Vital Records can also be found in the Alachua County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Alachua County, FL Census Records

What Alachua County, FL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Alachua County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Alachua Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Alachua Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Alachua Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860.

There are Florida State censuses from 1867, 1875, 1885, 1935, 1945. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Florida Census Records Research Guide

Alachua County, FL Courthouse and Government Records

Alachua County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Alachua County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Alachua County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Florida Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Alachua County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 201 E. University Ave., Gainesville, FL 32601
  • Alachua County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (352) 374-3636
    • Marriage Records: 1837
    • Land Records: 1826
    • Probate Records: 1840
    • Court Records: 1850
  • Alachua County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Florida Land Records
  • BLM Land Records

Alachua County, FL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Alachua County, FL?
A list of Alachua County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Florida Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Alachua County, FL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Alachua County, FL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Alachua County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another.

Alachua Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Alachua Co. FL Cemeteries & Church Records

Alachua Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Alachua Co. FL General and History Websites

Alachua Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Alachua Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Alachua Co. FL Military Records

Alachua Co. FL Schools & Directories

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