Alachua County, Florida

Alachua County

Alachua County was created on December 29, 1824 from Duval County and Saint Johns County. This county name is derived from the native name of a chasm located northwest of Gainesville.

The Alachua County Seat is located in Gainesville also, the county government website is www.alachuacounty.us.

Areas bordering to Alachua County are  Bradford County (north), Union County (north), Putnam County (east), Marion County (southeast), Levy County (southwest), Gilchrist County (west), Columbia County (northwest).

Incorporated Cities and Towns located in Alachua County include Alachua, Archer, Gainesville, Hawthorne, High Springs, Newberry, Waldo, LaCrosse, Micanopy.

Alachua County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Alachua County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Alachua County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Alachua Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Alachua Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Alachua Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Alachua Co. Historical Events (published in 1944):

  • This section was visited by both Ponce de Leon and DeSoto and was the scene of much conflict during the early colonial strife, the Seminole Indian War and the Civil War.
  • Chief Osceola was captured here and this had much to do with shortening the Seminole conflict.
  • William Bartram, the botanist and traveler, spent some time in this area in 1774.
  • A Federal force that had taken possession of Gainesville was defeated August 18, 1864, and driven out with a loss of over 200 by Capt. J. J. Dickison with a small Confederate force.

Alachua County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Alachua County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Alachua County Courthouse and Government Records


Alachua County Courthouse

Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Alachua County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.

The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Alachua County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Alachua county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
  • Alachua County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 201 E. University Ave., Gainesville, FL 32601
  • Alachua County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (352) 374-3636
    • Marriage Records: 1837
    • Land Records: 1826
    • Probate Records: 1840
    • Court Records: 1850
  • Alachua County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Alachua County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Alachua County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Alachua County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Alachua County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Alachua Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Alachua Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Alachua Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Alachua Co. FL Census Records

Alachua Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Alachua Co. FL Church & Bible Records

Alachua Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Alachua Co. FL General and History Websites

Alachua Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Alachua Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Alachua Co. FL Military Records

Alachua Co. FL Schools & Directories

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