Hartford County, Connecticut

Hartford County

Hartford County was established on May 10, 1666 and was formed as One of four original counties created in Connecticut. The county was named after Hertfordshire, England. The County Seat was Hartford (1666-1960).

Areas adjacent to Hartford County are Hampden County, Massachusetts (north), Tolland County (east), New London County (southeast), Middlesex County (south), New Haven County (southwest), Litchfield County (west), New London County (southeast).

Cities and towns located in the county include Avon, Berlin, Bloomfield, Bristol (consolidated city-town), Burlington, Canton, East Granby, East Hartford, East Windsor, Enfield, Farmington, Glastonbury, Granby, Hartford (consolidated city-town), Hartland, Manchester, Marlborough, New Britain (consolidated city-town), Newington, Plainville, Rocky Hill, Simsbury, South Windsor, Southington, Suffield, West Hartford, Wethersfield, Windsor and Windsor Locks.

Hartford County vital records can be found at the Connecticut Office of Vital Records has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Connecticut for current fees and application process. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.

You can search online for Hartford County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Connecticut Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Application or Town or City Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Hartford County does have Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal government Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Hartford Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Hartford Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Hartford Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be found for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms that can help with your research.

Hartford County Society and Family History Resources

A list of Hartford County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Hartford County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers often overlook the importance of Hartford County court, probate, and land records as a source of genealogy and family history information. Buried away in Connecticut courthouses and archives everywhere are the dreams and frustrations of many Connecticut citizens. The chances are great that your ancestors have left a detailed record of at least some aspects of their lives in the Hartford County court records. Even if your ancestor is not mentioned in a Court case, consider all of the other procedures which could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

NOTE: Counties were abolished officially in 1959 though their purpose had been chiefly to define county court districts. For genealogical research purposes, counties become necessary when using the federal census returns, since they are all cataloged by county.

All deeds, vital records, and probate records for all Connecticut towns are available to 1900 on microfilm at the Connecticut State Library or through the FHL. See also Connecticut Towns and Their Establishment

Taxes were levied for personal property and land through most of Connecticut's history. The town assessor (or lister) made annual lists or rates of all taxables. This generated a considerable number of tax lists across time, but the Connecticut State Library has a list of various tax records still at the town clerk's offices. The Connecticut Historical Society and the genealogical collections throughout the state have some records.

Those matters not in the realm of the superior court were heard by the county courts (initially called prerogative or common pleas). The county court, begun in 1666, was abolished in 1955, and its functions were divided between justice courts and superior courts. Most of the county records, to its abolition date, are at the Conneticut State Library.

Hartford County Links

The following are links to Genealogy, Records and Resources relating to Hartford County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a payment.  This is just a list that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own favorite genealogy or family history related sites.

Hartford Co. CT Books, Newspapers & Publications

Hartford Co. CT Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Hartford Co. CT Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Hartford Co. CT Census Records

Hartford Co. CT Church & Cemeteries

Hartford Co. CT Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Hartford Co. CT General and History Websites

Hartford Co. CT Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Hartford Co. CT Military Records

Hartford Co. CT Schools & Directories

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