1880 Federal Population Census Schedule


Click to View Sample from
US 1880 Census of
Clark County, IN

Overview of the 1880 Census

On June 1, 1880, the 1880 census taking began. Unlike previous censuses, which took several months, it was to be completed within thirty days. The census asked similar questions to those asked in previous censuses, including name, sex, age, marital status, occupation and birthplaces of both the person in question and their parents. Illnesses and physical and mental disabilities were also listed in the census.

Unique Features of the 1880 Census

Urban households were recorded in a more accurate way in the 1880 census. Both the street numbers and the house numbers were recorded. There were also some special Native American schedules that were taken during the 1880 census. However, in general, “Indians not taxed” were still not recorded.

Historical Considerations of the 1880 Census

Recognition of Women – The 1880 census was the first United States census that allowed women to work as enumerators.  It was also the first census to collect the relationship of household members to the head of the household.  This simple addition of “wife” or “daughter” beside a person’s name provides valuable insight about the relationships within the families, and could help to identify unmarried daughters. It may me even list mothers-in-law, cousins and other extended family members.

States Covered in the 1880 Census

It covered the following states and territories: AlabamaArizona TerritoryArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticut, Dakota Territory, Delaware, District of Columbia, FloridaGeorgiaIdaho TerritoryIllinoisIndianaIowaKansas,KentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissourimontana Territory,NebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew Mexico TerritoryNew YorkNorth CarolinaOhioOregon,PennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaTennesseeTexasUtah TerritoryVermontVirginiaWashington Territory,West VirginiaWisconsinWyoming Territory

Resources for the 1880 Census

See the following resources for more information on the 1880 Census:

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