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Washington County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Washington County, Arkansas Facts

When was Washington County, AR Created?
Washington County was established on October 17, 1828 and was formed from Crawford County and Lovely County. Parts of Washington County was used to form the following counties: Benton 1836, Madison 1836. Other county boundry changes occured when Certain lands declared to be in Washington 26 October 1831, line with Crawford defined 24 November 1846 and changed 8 March 1833. The county was named in honor of George Washington (1732–1799), first president of the United States.

What is the County Seat of Washington County, AR?
The County Seat is located in Fayetteville and in addition the county government website is www.co.washington.ar.us/

What counties are adjacent to Washington County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Benton County (north), Madison County (east), Crawford County (south), Adair County, Oklahoma (west).

What cities and towns are in Washington County, AR?
Cities and towns located in the County include Elkins, Elm Springs, Farmington, Fayetteville, Goshen, Greenland, Johnson, Lincoln, Prairie Grove, Springdale, Tontitown, West Fork, Winslow.


Washington County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Washington County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Washington County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Washington County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Washington County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Washington Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.


Washington County, AR Census Records

What Washington County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Washington County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Washington Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Washington Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide


Washington County, AR Courthouse and Government Records


Washington County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Washington County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Washington County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at 280 North College Ave., Fayetteville 72701 or 114 North College Ave., Fayetteville 72701; 479-444-1700, unless otherwise noted. 

  • Washington County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Washington county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Washington County. They are also the ex-officio Washington county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Washington county.
    • Phone: (479) 444-1538
    • Court Records: 1830
    • Land Records: 1834
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Washington County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Washington county.
    • Phone: (479) 444-1711
    • Marriage Records: 1845 
    • Probate Records: 1835
  • Washington County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: (479) 444-1500
  • BLM Land Records

Washington County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Washington County, AR?
A list of Washington County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Washington County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Washington County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Washington County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Washington Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Washington Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Washington Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Washington Co. AR General and History Websites

Washington Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Washington Co. AR Military Records

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