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Van Buren County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Van Buren County, Arkansas Facts

When was Van Buren County, AR Created?
Van Buren County was established on November 11, 1833 and was formed from Independence County, Clark County and Izard County. Parts of Van Buren County was used to form the following counties: Cleburne 1883, Stone 1873. Other county boundry changes occured when Boundaries defined 14 November 1836, part annexed to Pope County on 12 January 1853, lines with Searcy and Marion defined 20 January 1855, line with Pope County defined 17 February 1859. The county was named in honor of Martin Van Buren (1782–1862), eighth president of the United States.

What is the County Seat of Van Buren County, AR?
The County Seat is located in Clinton and in addition the county government website is www.arcounties.org/

What counties are adjacent to Van Buren County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Searcy County (north), Stone County (northeast), Cleburne County (east), Faulkner County (southeast), Conway County (southwest), Pope County (west).

What cities and towns are in Van Buren County, AR?
Cities and towns located in the County include Clinton, Damascus, Fairfield Bay, Shirley.


Van Buren County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Van Buren County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Van Buren County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Van Buren County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Van Buren County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Van Buren Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.


Van Buren County, AR Census Records

What Van Buren County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Van Buren County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Van Buren Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Van Buren Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Van Buren Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Van Buren Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide


Van Buren County, AR Courthouse and Government Records


Van Buren County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Van Buren County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Van Buren County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at 451 Main Street, Clinton 72031; 501-745-2443, unless otherwise noted. 

  • Van Buren County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Van Buren county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Van Buren County. They are also the ex-officio Van Buren county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Van Buren county.
    • Phone: (501) 745-4140
    • Court Records: 1859
    • Land Records: 1855
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Van Buren County Clerk , as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Van Buren county.
    • Phone: (501) 745-4140
    • Marriage Records: 1859 
    • Probate Records: 1859
  • Van Buren County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: (501) 745-2464
  • BLM Land Records

Van Buren County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Van Buren County, AR?
A list of Van Buren County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Van Buren County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Van Buren County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Van Buren County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Van Buren Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Van Buren Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Van Buren Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Van Buren Co. AR General and History Websites

Van Buren Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Van Buren Co. AR Military Records

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