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Polk County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Polk County, Arkansas Facts

When was Polk County, AR Created?
Polk County was established on November 30, 1844 and was formed from Sevier County. Parts of Polk County was used to form the following counties: Howard 1873, Sebastian 1851. Other county boundry changes occured when Line with Montgomery changed 7 February 1859, part of Sebastian annexed 1 June 1861, line with Pike defined 7 April 1873. The county was named in honor of James Knox Polk (1795–1849), the eleventh president of the United States.

What is the County Seat of Polk County, AR?
The County Seat is located in Mena (the first county seat was at a settlement called Panther before moving to Mena) and in addition the county government website is www.arcounties.org/

What counties are adjacent to Polk County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Scott County (north), Montgomery County (east), Howard County (southeast), Sevier County (south), McCurtain County, Oklahoma (southwest), Le Flore County, Oklahoma (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Polk County, AR?
Cities and towns located in the County include Cove, Grannis, Hatfield, Mena, Vandervoort, Wickes.


Polk County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Polk County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Polk County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Polk County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Polk County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Polk Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.


Polk County, AR Census Records

What Polk County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Polk County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Polk Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Polk Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide


Polk County, AR Courthouse and Government Records


Polk County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Polk County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Polk County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at 507 Church Avenue, Mena 71953; 479-394-8130, unless otherwise noted. 

  • Polk County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Polk county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Polk County. They are also the ex-officio Polk county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Polk county.
    • Phone: (479) 394-8100
    • Court Records: 1900
    • Land Records: 1885
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Polk County Clerk , as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Polk county.
    • Phone: (479) 394-8123
    • Marriage Records: 1881 
    • Probate Records: 1885
  • Polk County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: (479) 394-8116
  • BLM Land Records

Polk County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Polk County, AR?
A list of Polk County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Polk County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Polk County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Polk County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Polk Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Polk Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Polk Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Polk Co. AR General and History Websites

Polk Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Polk Co. AR Military Records

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