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Monroe County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Monroe County, Arkansas Facts

When was Monroe County, AR Created?
Monroe County was established on November 2, 1829 and was formed from Phillips County and Arkansas County. Parts of Monroe County was used to form the following counties: Lee 1873. Other county boundry changes occured when Boundaries defined 25 December 1840, line with Prairie changed 7 December 1850, 12 April 1869, 26 April 1873 and 27 May 1874. . The county was named in honor of James Monroe (1758–1831), 5th President of the United States .

What is the County Seat of Monroe County, AR?
The County Seat is located in Clarendon (first county seat was at Lawrenceville until 1856) and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Monroe County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Woodruff County (north), St. Francis County (northeast), Lee County (east), Phillips County (southeast), Arkansas County (southwest), Prairie County (west).

What cities and towns are in Monroe County, AR?
Cities and towns located in the County include Brinkley, Clarendon, Fargo, Holly Grove, Roe.

Monroe County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Monroe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Monroe County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Monroe County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Monroe Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.

Monroe County, AR Census Records

What Monroe County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Monroe County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Monroe Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide

Monroe County, AR Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Monroe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Monroe County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide.

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at 123 Madison Street, Clarendon 72029; 870-747-3921, unless otherwise noted.

  • Monroe County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Monroe county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Monroe County. They are also the ex-officio Monroe county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Monroe county.
    • Phone: (870) 747-3615
    • Court Records: 1829
    • Land Records:1829
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Monroe County Clerk , as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Monroe county.
    • Phone: (870) 747-3632
    • Marriage Records: 1850 
    • Probate Records: 1829
  • Monroe County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: (870) 747-3847
  • BLM Land Records

Monroe County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Monroe County, AR?
A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Monroe County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Monroe County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Monroe County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Monroe Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Monroe Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. AR General and History Websites

Monroe Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. AR Military Records

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