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Lawrence County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Lawrence County, Arkansas Facts

When was Lawrence County, AR Created?
Lawrence County was established on January 15, 1815 and was formed from Arkansas County and New Madrid County, Missouri .Parts of Lawrence County was used to form the following counties: Greene 1833, Independence 1820, Randolph 1835, Sharp 1868. Other county boundry changes occured when E boundary defined 30 October 1823, line with Independence changed 26 December 1840, part annexed to Fulton 18 January 1855, part to Randolph 18 January 1861, part annexed from Sharp 21 March 1917 and part annexed to Sharp 24 March 1917. The county was named in honor of James Lawrence (1781–1813), an American naval officer during the War of 1812.

What is the County Seat of Lawrence County, AR?
The County Seat is located in Walnut Ridge (previous county seats was Davidsonville [originally named Lawrence] from 1816 to 1829, Jackson from 1829-1837, Smithville from 1837-1868, Clover Bend, Powhatan 1869-1887.) and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Lawrence County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Randolph County (north), Greene County (east), Craighead County (southeast), Jackson County (south), Independence County (southwest), Sharp County (west).

What cities and towns are in Lawrence County, AR?
Cities and towns located in the County include Alicia, Black Rock, College City, Hoxie, Imboden, Lynn, Minturn, Portia, Powhatan, Ravenden, Sedgwick, Smithville, Strawberry, Walnut Ridge.

Lawrence County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Lawrence County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Lawrence County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Lawrence County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Lawrence County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Lawrence Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.

Lawrence County, AR Census Records

What Lawrence County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Lawrence County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Lawrence Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Lawrence Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lawrence Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lawrence Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide

Lawrence County, AR Courthouse and Government Records

Lawrence County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Lawrence County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Lawrence County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide.

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at 315 West Main, Walnut Ridge 72476; 870-886-1110, unless otherwise noted. 

  • Lawrence County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Lawrence county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Lawrence County. They are also the ex-officio Lawrence county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Lawrence county.
    • Phone: (870) 886-1112
    • Court Records: 1816
    • Land Records:1815
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Lawrence County Clerk , as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Lawrence county.
    • Phone: (870) 886-1111
    • Marriage Records:1821 
    • Probate Records:1817
  • Lawrence County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: (870) 886-1135
  • BLM Land Records

Lawrence County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Lawrence County, AR?
A list of Lawrence County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Lawrence County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Lawrence County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Lawrence County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Lawrence Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Lawrence Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Lawrence Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Lawrence Co. AR General and History Websites

Lawrence Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Lawrence Co. AR Military Records

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