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Clay County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Clay County, Arkansas Facts

When was Clay County, AR Created?
Clay County was established on March 24, 1873 and was formed from Randolph County and Greene County. Other county boundry changes occured when Line with Greene changed 5 March 1885. The county was named in honor of John Clayton, a State Senator; later shortened to Clay to avoid misassociation with Powell Clayton.

What is the County Seat of Clay County, AR?
The County has dual county seats with courthouses in Corning for the Western District and Piggott for the Eastern District (the first county seat was located at Boydsville and moved to Corning in 1881) and in addition the county government website is www.arcounties.org/

What counties are adjacent to Clay County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Butler County, Missouri (north), Dunklin County, Missouri (east), Greene County (south), Randolph County (west), Ripley County, Missouri (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Clay County, AR?
Cities and towns located in the County include Corning, Datto, Greenway, Knobel, McDougal, Nimmons, Peach Orchard, Piggott, Pollard, Rector, St. Francis, Scatterville, Success.


Clay County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Clay County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Clay County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Clay County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Clay County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Clay Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.


Clay County, AR Census Records

What Clay County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Clay County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Clay Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1880. Clay Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1880. Clay Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide


Clay County, AR Courthouse and Government Records


Clay County Courthouse in Piggott

What genealogical records can I find in the Clay County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Clay County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at 151 South Second Avenue, Piggott 72454 or 800 West Second, Corning 72422; 870-598-2667, unless otherwise noted. 


Clay County Courthouse in Corning
  • Clay County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Clay county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Clay County. They are also the ex-officio Clay county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Clay county.
    • Phone: (870) 598-2524
    • Court Records:1881
    • Land Records:1881
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Clay County Clerk , as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Clay county.
    • Phone: (870) 598-2813
    • Marriage Records: 1881 
    • Probate Records:1881
  • Clay County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: (870) 598-3870
  • BLM Land Records

Clay County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Clay County, AR?
A list of Clay County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Clay County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Clay County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Clay County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Clay Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Clay Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Clay Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Clay Co. AR General and History Websites

Clay Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Clay Co. AR Military Records

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