State of Arkansas
Immigration and Naturalization Records Research

Only a few Europeans arrived in the Arkansas area throughout the years of French and Spanish rule, 1686 to 1803. The 1810 census of the Louisiana Territory mentioned just 1,062 non-Indian inhabitants in the whole District of Arkansas.

Immigration started with the cotton boom of 1818. Numerous families of Scottish, Scotch-Irish, and English ancestry migrated overland via Virginia and the Carolinas by way of Tennessee and Mississippi or Missouri. These people frequently transported slaves along with them. Around 1860, Black slaves made up more than 1 / 4 of the inhabitants. The majority of Arkansans these days originated from Anglo-Saxon and Black families who got their start in older southern states prior to 1900.

Around 1867, the rich farmlands around the Arkansas and White rivers called to significant groups of Southern European emigrants. Numerous households coming from Poland settled within Pulaski County. Numerous Italians settled in the northwestern portion of the state.

The final Indian tribes ended up being taken away from Arkansas to present-day Oklahoma by 1835. A few immigrants arrived at New Orleans and journeyed up the Mississippi River to Arkansas.

The Texarkana, Fort Smith, Little Rock, Batesville, and Helena federal district courts maintain records of Arkansas naturalizations. In 1942 an index of naturalization records for the years of 1809 to 1906 was created by the Works Projects Administration (WAR). Researchers should note that the Pulaski County circuit court naturalized several soldiers from across the Midwest at Fort Pike during World War I.

Documents for prior years typically include a lesser amount of information and facts compared to those following 1906, when the federal courts for naturalization was adjusted and information and facts for example birth date and place, physical description, and marital status could possibly be provided. About 40 percent of the counties in Arkansas have pre-1906 records.

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship to foreign-born inhabitants. Naturalization documents are an essential source of information and facts concerning an immigrant’s place of origin, an individual's foreign and Americanized names, residence, along with time of arrival.

Immigrants in to the U . S . have never been required to make an application for citizenship. Of the people whom applied, many decided not to finish the prerequisites for citizenship. Information that an immigrant completed citizenship requirements might be uncovered in censuses, court minutes, homestead records, passports, voting registers, and military papers. Whether or not an immigrant ancestor did not complete the process and turn into a citizen, she or he could quite possibly have registered a declaration. These types of declarations may be extremely helpful.

Different types of records were put together during the naturalization process, including declarations of intention, petitions for naturalization, oaths of allegiance and certificates of naturalization and citizenship. Each document can provide information and facts about a individual, such as age, residence, country or city of origin, ethnic background, the date and port of arrival, the name of the ship, names of husband or wife and children together with their birth dates and places, and previous residences or current address.

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