Russell County, Alabama
Genealogy and Facts

Russell County was created on 18 Dec. 1832 in the Creek Cession of 1832, from former Creek Indian territory. This particular county was named in honor of Col. Gilbert C. Russell of Mobile, a U.S. military officer who fought in the Creek Wars.

Currently the Russell County Seat is located in Phenix City (first county seat was established at Girard. The county seat was moved to Seale in 1868 and to Phenix City in the 1930s) and in addition the county government website is http://www.rcala.com/

Locations adjacent Russell County happen to be Lee County (north), Muscogee County, Georgia (northeast), Chattahoochee County, Georgia (east), Stewart County, Georgia (southeast), Barbour County (south), Bullock County (southwest), Macon County (northwest).

Cities and towns found in Russell County consist of Glenville (unincorporated), Hurtsboro, Ladonia, Phenix City, Seale.

Russell County vital records can be found at the Alabama Department of Public Health which has Birth And Death Records from 1908, Marriages from 1936 and Divorce Records from 1950. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Alabama for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Russell County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Certificates to mail. You may go to any county health department in the State of Alabama to obtain a certificates can be issued while you wait.

Russell County includes Federal Census Schedules to assist in looking into your family tree. Government Population Schedules can be found for 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Russell Co. Slave Schedules can be obtained for 1850 & 1860. Russell Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Russell Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Russell Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. Two State censuses for confederate veterans exist for 1907 and 1921. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.

Russell County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Russell County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Alabama Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.

Russell County Courthouse and Government Records


Russell County Courthouse

Genealogist often overlook the significance of Russell County court, probate, and land documents as a source of genealogy and family history details.

Buried away in Alabama courthouses and archives just about everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of countless Alabama people.


Old Russell County Courthouse

The odds are excellent that your ancestors and forefathers have left a in-depth record of at least several aspects of their lives in the Russell County court records.

Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The below facts shows exactly what birth, marriage, death, land, probate, and legal records will be in Russell County. The years pointed out below could be the first widely known documents in this county.

Please call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of sometimes changing contact information.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
  • Russell County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P. O. BOX 518, PHENIX CITY, AL 36868-0518, Telephone:
    • Phone: 334-298-0516
    • Court Records: 1832
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Alabama Department of Public Health)
  • Russell County Clerk of Probate Court maintains following records in the probate office: Plats, Maps, Judgments, Liens, Deeds, Mortgages, Corporations, Lis pendens, Marriage licenses, Military discharges. The Probate Judge presides over all probate court hearings for Probate of Wills, Administrations, Conservators, Guardianships, Adoptions, Legitimations, Name changes, Condemnations, Mental Commitment hearings, and performs marriage ceremonies.
    • Address: P. O. BOX 700, PHENIX CITY, AL 36868-0700
    • Phone: 334-298-7979
    • Marriage Records: 1828 (Marriages issued prior to 1936)
    • Probate Records: 1832
    • Land Records: 1832
  • Russell County Revenue Commissioner's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Address: ?
    • Phone: ?
  • Russell County Health Department has Birth Records from 1934 , Death records from 1934. 

Russell County Genealogy Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources relevant to Russell County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is basically a directory that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to present your own favorite Russell County genealogy or family history related sites.

Russell Co. AL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Russell Co. AL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Russell Co. AL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Russell Co. AL Census Records

Russell Co. AL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Russell Co. AL Church & Bible Records

Russell Co. AL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Russell Co. AL General and History Websites

Russell Co. AL Immigration & Naturalization

Russell Co. AL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Russell Co. AL Military Records

Russell Co. AL Schools & Directories

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