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Alabama Court records cover a broad range of genealogy subject areas that can help you as part of your research, such as land ownership, courts, taxes, and naturalizations. Given that Alabama court records cover such a wide selection of topics, they could aid you in many different ways. As an example, they could aid you in finding ancestors' residences, identify occupations, locate financial information, determine citizenship status, or shed light on relationships between individuals. The whole thing relies upon on the type of court records that the ancestors" names show up in. For Definitions of all court trems see the Genealogy Encyclopedia.
Alabama County records change extensively from county to county in both level of quality and volume. You will find four kinds of court records that are most likely to possess information related for your genealogical research.
Nearly all courts in America usually are courts of record that is they are required by law to keep a record of the proceedings. Alabama courts are no different. In fact these days very few people escape mention within a court room records sooner or later throughout their life as witnesses, litigants, jurors, appointees to office or as petition signatories. However Americans of a few of generations ago also expected to be present at local court procedures should they were in session. It had been a civic duty and they also could be fined if they could not attend. Alabama court files represent U.S. history. Buried away in courthouses as well as archives all over the place are the aspirations and concerns of lots of citizens. The prospects are excellent that your potential ancestors have left a concise record of at least some areas of life in a court room records.
Alabama Court Records - In general, the circuit court records and the office of the court clerk records in Alabama are not organized well. In fact, many of the older records are completely missing. Circuit court records and chancery records may be maintained by a single clerk's office in certain counties. However, most of the larger counties have separate clerks for each. Circuit court record maintenance is controlled by the state administrative office of the court.
The state supreme court records are maintained by the office of the state supreme court clerk. However, those records are given to the state's archives once 5 years have passed.
Alabama Tax Records - There are no indexes for county tax records, which are organized according to legal descriptions. Most Alabama tax records start in or after 1860, but there are a few earlier records in some counties. The Internal Revenue Assessment Lists for Alabama, 1865-1866 (NARA M754, 6 reels) at the National Archives should be consulted for information on those records. Voter Lists ("Returns for Qualified Voters") for the years of 1867 and 1868 can be found at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Those records contain quite a bit of information on naturalization. Those who were registered in the Winston County and Walker County returns were listed along with their birth dates and counties of birth. The Walker, Winston, Mobile, and Marion County returns have each been published.