Clay County, Alabama
Genealogy and Facts

Clay County was created on Dec. 7, 1866. It was formed from Randolph County and Talladega County. This particular county was named in honor of U.S. Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky.

Currently the Clay County Seat is located in Ashland and in addition the county government website is http://www.alabama.gov/

Locations adjacent Clay County happen to be  Cleburne County (north), Randolph County (east), Tallapoosa County (south), Coosa County (southwest), Talladega County (west)

Cities and towns found in Clay County consist of Ashland, Lineville.

Clay County vital records can be found at the Alabama Department of Public Health which has Birth And Death Records from 1908, Marriages from 1936 and Divorce Records from 1950. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Alabama for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Clay County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Certificates to mail. You may go to any county health department in the State of Alabama to obtain a certificates can be issued while you wait.

Clay County includes Federal Census Schedules to assist in looking into your family tree. Government Population Schedules can be found for 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Clay Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1870 and 1880. Clay Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1870 and 1880. Clay Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. Two State censuses for confederate veterans exist for 1907 and 1921. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.

Clay County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Clay County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Alabama Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.

Clay County Courthouse and Government Records


Clay County Courthouse

Genealogist often overlook the significance of Clay County court, probate, and land documents as a source of genealogy and family history details.

Buried away in Alabama courthouses and archives just about everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of countless Alabama people.

The odds are excellent that your ancestors and forefathers have left a in-depth record of at least several aspects of their lives in the Clay County court records.

Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The below facts shows exactly what birth, marriage, death, land, probate, and legal records will be in Clay County. The years pointed out below could be the first widely known documents in this county.

Please call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of sometimes changing contact information.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
  • Clay County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: Courthouse Square, P.O. Box 187, Ashland, AL 36251
    • Phone: (256) 354-2198
    • Court Records: 1875
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Alabama Department of Public Health)
  • Clay County Clerk of Probate Court maintains following records in the probate office: Plats, Maps, Judgments, Liens, Deeds, Mortgages, Corporations, Lis pendens, Marriage licenses, Military discharges. The Probate Judge presides over all probate court hearings for Probate of Wills, Administrations, Conservators, Guardianships, Adoptions, Legitimations, Name changes, Condemnations, Mental Commitment hearings, and performs marriage ceremonies.
    • Address: Courthouse Square, P.O. Box 187, Ashland, AL 36251
    • Phone: (256) 354-2198
    • Marriage Records: 1872 (Marriages issued prior to 1936)
    • Probate Records: 1876
    • Land Records: 1875
  • Clay County Revenue Commissioner's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Address: ?
    • Phone: ?
  • Clay County Health Department has Birth Records from 1920, Death records from 1920. 

Clay County Genealogy Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources relevant to Clay County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is basically a directory that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to present your own favorite Clay County genealogy or family history related sites.

Clay Co. AL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Clay Co. AL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Clay Co. AL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Clay Co. AL Census Records

Clay Co. AL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Clay Co. AL Church & Bible Records

Clay Co. AL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Clay Co. AL General and History Websites

Clay Co. AL Immigration & Naturalization

Clay Co. AL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Clay Co. AL Military Records

Clay Co. AL Schools & Directories

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